Flight of ButterfliesIris

Basic Facts:

Iris flowers have their own structure and terminology. The upper petals that normally stick up are called standards, the lower petals falls. Some have a row of coloured hairs on the falls called beards. Some have a thickened section of petal along the middle of the falls called guides as they guide bees to the nectar and pollen.

Members of the Iridaceae family

Garden Use: 

Iris are beautiful and rewarding plants. Their flowering period is short but this is more compensated by the sheer exuberance of their blooms. Also, don't forget that the blue-green, sword shaped leaves add long-lasting appeal to the border in their own right. 

Cut Flower Use:

Excellent cut flowers. Iris are toxic.


You need to know which type of Iris you are growing as conditions vary greatly - there are water Iris, species that grow in the desert and everything in between. See cultivation information under each type below.


Our Irises are propagated by division.  The rhizomes are best divided shortly after flowering although Sibirica irises can also be divided in spring.  Cut back the leaves to about 1/3 of their length after division and replant.

Pests and Diseases:

Leaves eaten along the edges in May / June (especially water irises): look out for the small black-headed grey caterpillars of Iris Sawfly on water Iris. Easy to squash by hand (go on don't be squeamish - its them or your Irises!). Look every few days as new caterpillars hatch out over time.

Iris ensata Waka Murasaki Uyeki

We've been growing this lovely Japanese iris as a pond marginal for over 17 years now and it's always been totally reliable and trouble free. Can also be grown in soil that doesn't get too dry. About 2ft / 60cm tall. Flowering from mid June to mid July

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